Tips on Trips

Safety Tips

ALLERGIES 
Make sure that every child with an allergy has an Emergency Action Plan (EAP)

The EAP should:
  • outline the child’s allergy
  • list the people who need to be contacted in case of an emergency reaction
  • tell when and how different medications should be administered
  • list any other necessary details

This information should be available at the camp base as well as with counselors accompanying the campers on trips. 
 
 
BASIC HYGIENE
Basic Hygiene Procedures Recommended by the Mayo Clinic:

Hand Washing -
Frequent hand washing is one of the best ways to avoid getting sick and spreading illness. Hand washing requires only soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Coughing/Sneezing: To Help Stop The Spread of Germs -
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands.
 
 
LICE
Lice are highly contagious and can spread quickly from person to person, especially in group settings such as camps.

The head louse is a tiny, wingless parasitic insect that lives among human hairs and feeds on extremely small amounts of blood drawn from the scalp. Although they may sound gross, lice (the plural of louse) are a very common problem, especially for kids ages 3 years to 12 years (girls more often than boys).

Lice aren't dangerous and they don't spread disease, but they are contagious and can just be downright annoying. Their bites may cause a child's scalp to become itchy and inflamed, and persistent scratching may lead to skin irritation and even infection.

Though they can't fly or jump, these tiny parasites have specially adapted claws that allow them to crawl and cling firmly to hair. They spread mainly through head-to-head contact, but sharing clothing, bed linens, combs, brushes, and hats can also help pass them along. Kids are most prone to catching lice because they tend to have close physical contact with each other and often share personal items.

Though very small, lice can be seen by the naked eye by thoroughly examining the child's head.

Keep in mind that head lice don't survive long once they fall off a person. So it's unnecessary to spend a great deal of time and money trying to rid the area of lice.

A medicated shampoo, cream rinse, or lotion is available by over-thecounter (OTC) or prescription medications, depending on the advice of the camp doctor or camper’s physician. 
 
 
SAFETY PLAN
All camps should have safety guidelines in place that will identify, evaluate, reduce, and control risks for all activities. Safety Plan should be descriptive and contain supervision ratios for each activity and procedures for ensuring camper safety.

ACTIVITY SAFETY PLAN SHOULD INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:
  • Type of Activity
  • Counselor to camper ratios for each activity. This varies by age of campers and the risk of the activity. Check with your county health department for recommendations
  • Use of proper equipment and any protective gear
  • Equipment and facility safety checks before use
  • Campers are informed of rules and instructions
  • Water is available to prevent dehydration
  • First Aid/CPR certified staff will be available in case of emergency
 
RECOMMENDED FIRST AID TRAINING FOR STAFF: 
Basic First Aid: How to provide care until advanced medical personnel arrive on the scene and take over. It will also give you the knowledge and confidence you need to act in an emergency.

CPR (cardio pulmonary resuscitation) & AED (automated external defibrillation): A course will give participants the knowledge and confidence needed to recognize and care for breathing and cardiac emergencies.